Implementing Server Push in Flask: A Comprehensive Guide

In the dynamic world of web development, keeping the user interface up-to-date with the latest server-side changes without requiring a page refresh is crucial for a seamless user experience. This is where server push technology comes into play, allowing servers to proactively send updates to the client. In this guide, we'll explore how to implement server push in a Flask application, ensuring your users receive real-time updates effortlessly.

Understanding Server Push

Server push, often associated with terms like "HTTP/2 Server Push" or technologies like WebSockets, is a technique used to send data from the server to the client automatically, without the client having to request it. This is particularly useful for applications that require real-time information updates, such as chat applications, live feeds, or any interactive platform.

Implementing Server Push in Flask

Flask, a lightweight WSGI web application framework in Python, is known for its simplicity and flexibility. However, Flask does not support server push directly out of the box. To achieve server push functionality, we need to integrate additional tools or libraries. One of the most popular approaches is using Flask-SocketIO.

Step 1: Setting Up Flask-SocketIO

Flask-SocketIO extends Flask applications with support for WebSockets, providing an easy way to achieve server push. To get started, you first need to install Flask-SocketIO:

pip install flask-socketio

Next, integrate SocketIO into your Flask application:

from flask import Flask, render_template
from flask_socketio import SocketIO

app = Flask(__name__)
socketio = SocketIO(app)

if __name__ == '__main__':

Step 2: Establishing a Client-Server Connection

On the client side, you'll need to include the Socket.IO JavaScript client library. This can be done by adding the following script tag to your HTML:

<script src="//"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var socket = io.connect('http://' + document.domain + ':' + location.port);
    socket.on('connect', function() {
        console.log('Websocket connected!');

Step 3: Sending Messages from the Server

With the connection established, the server can now push messages to the client. Here's how you can emit events from the server using Flask-SocketIO:

@socketio.on('my event')
def handle_my_custom_event(json):
    print('received json: ' + str(json))

And on the client-side, you can listen for these events:

socket.on('my response', function(msg) {
    console.log('Received message: ' +;

Step 4: Broadcasting Messages to All Clients

To broadcast messages to all connected clients, you can use the emit function with the broadcast=True parameter:

@socketio.on('send message')
def handle_message(message):
    emit('new message', {'data': message['data']}, broadcast=True)

This will ensure that all clients receive the update, making it ideal for applications like chat rooms or live data feeds.


Implementing server push in a Flask application can significantly enhance the user experience by providing real-time updates without requiring page refreshes. By leveraging Flask-SocketIO, developers can easily integrate WebSocket functionality into their applications, enabling seamless server-to-client communication. With the steps outlined in this guide, you're now equipped to implement server push in your Flask projects, opening up a world of possibilities for creating interactive, dynamic web applications.